兜兜    2021-09-16 00:45:44    2021-10-27 15:15:39   

kubernetes nfs
```sh Kubernetes提供了一套可以自动创建PV的机制,即:Dynamic Provisioning.而这个机制的核心在于:StorageClass这个API对象. StorageClass对象会定义下面两部分内容: 1,PV的属性.比如,存储类型,Volume的大小等. 2,创建这种PV需要用到的存储插件 有了这两个信息之后,Kubernetes就能够根据用户提交的PVC,找到一个对应的StorageClass,之后Kubernetes就会调用该StorageClass声明的存储插件,进而创建出需要的PV. 但是其实使用起来是一件很简单的事情,你只需要根据自己的需求,编写YAML文件即可,然后使用kubectl create命令执行即可 ``` 搭建StorageClass+NFS,大致有以下几个步骤: ```sh 1.创建一个可用的NFS Serve 2.创建Service Account.这是用来管控NFS provisioner在k8s集群中运行的权限 3.创建StorageClass.负责建立PVC并调用NFS provisioner进行预定的工作,并让PV与PVC建立管理 4.创建NFS provisioner.有两个功能,一个是在NFS共享目录下创建挂载点(volume),另一个则是建了PV并将PV与NFS的挂载点建立关联 ``` #### 创建StorageClass 1.创建NFS共享服务 当前环境NFS server及共享目录信息 ```sh IP: 172.16.100.100 PATH: /data/k8s ``` 2.创建ServiceAccout账号 ```sh $ cat > rbac.yaml <<EOF apiVersion: v1 kind: ServiceAccount metadata: name: nfs-client-provisioner namespace: default --- kind: ClusterRole apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: nfs-client-provisioner-runner rules: - apiGroups: [""] resources: ["persistentvolumes"] verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "delete"] - apiGroups: [""] resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims"] verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "update"] - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"] resources: ["storageclasses"] verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"] - apiGroups: [""] resources: ["events"] verbs: ["create", "update", "patch"] --- kind: ClusterRoleBinding apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: run-nfs-client-provisioner subjects: - kind: ServiceAccount name: nfs-client-provisioner # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed namespace: default roleRef: kind: ClusterRole name: nfs-client-provisioner-runner apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io --- kind: Role apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed namespace: default rules: - apiGroups: [""] resources: ["endpoints"] verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch"] --- kind: RoleBinding apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner subjects: - kind: ServiceAccount name: nfs-client-provisioner # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed namespace: default roleRef: kind: Role name: leader-locking-nfs-client-provisioner apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io EOF ``` ```sh $ kubectl apply -f rbac.yaml ``` 3.创建NFS provisioner ```sh $ cat > nfs-provisioner.yaml <<EOF apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: nfs-client-provisioner labels: app: nfs-client-provisioner # replace with namespace where provisioner is deployed namespace: default #与RBAC文件中的namespace保持一致 spec: replicas: 1 selector: matchLabels: app: nfs-client-provisioner strategy: type: Recreate selector: matchLabels: app: nfs-client-provisioner template: metadata: labels: app: nfs-client-provisioner spec: serviceAccountName: nfs-client-provisioner containers: - name: nfs-client-provisioner image: quay.io/external_storage/nfs-client-provisioner:latest volumeMounts: - name: nfs-client-root mountPath: /persistentvolumes env: - name: PROVISIONER_NAME value: nfs-storage-provisioner - name: NFS_SERVER value: 172.16.100.100 - name: NFS_PATH value: /data/k8s volumes: - name: nfs-client-root nfs: server: 172.16.100.100 path: /data/k8s EOF ``` ```sh $ kubectl apply -f nfs-provisioner.yaml ``` 4.创建storageclass ```sh $ cat >nfs-storageclass.yaml <<EOF apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1 kind: StorageClass metadata: name: managed-nfs-storage provisioner: nfs-storage-provisioner EOF ``` ```sh $ kubectl apply -f nfs-storageclass.yaml ``` 5.测试创建pvc ```sh $ cat > test-pvc.yaml <<EOF kind: PersistentVolumeClaim apiVersion: v1 metadata: name: test-claim annotations: volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "managed-nfs-storage" #指定上面创建的存储类 spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteMany resources: requests: storage: 1Mi EOF ``` ```sh $ kubectl apply -f test-pvc.yaml ``` 查看pv ```sh kubectl get pv NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE pvc-66967ce3-5adf-46cf-9fa3-8379f499d254 1Mi RWX Delete Bound default/test-claim managed-nfs-storage 27m ``` 查看pvc ```sh $ kubectl get pvc NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE test-claim Bound pvc-66967ce3-5adf-46cf-9fa3-8379f499d254 1Mi RWX managed-nfs-storage 27m ``` 创建nginx-statefulset.yaml ```sh $ cat >nginx-statefulset.yaml <<EOF --- apiVersion: v1 kind: Service metadata: name: nginx-headless labels: app: nginx spec: ports: - port: 80 name: web clusterIP: None selector: app: nginx --- apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: StatefulSet metadata: name: web spec: selector: matchLabels: app: nginx serviceName: "nginx" replicas: 2 template: metadata: labels: app: nginx spec: containers: - name: nginx image: ikubernetes/myapp:v1 ports: - containerPort: 80 name: web volumeMounts: - name: www mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html volumeClaimTemplates: - metadata: name: www annotations: volume.beta.kubernetes.io/storage-class: "managed-nfs-storage" spec: accessModes: [ "ReadWriteOnce" ] resources: requests: storage: 20Mi EOF ``` ```sh $ kubectl apply -f nginx-statefulset.yaml ``` 查看pod ```sh $ kubectl get pods -l app=nginx NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE web-0 1/1 Running 0 21m web-1 1/1 Running 0 21m ``` 查看pv ```sh $kubectl get pv NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE pvc-2c23ca4d-7c98-4021-8099-c208b418aa5b 20Mi RWO Delete Bound default/www-web-0 managed-nfs-storage 22m pvc-4d8da9d3-cb51-49e6-bd0e-c5bad7878551 20Mi RWO Delete Bound default/www-web-1 managed-nfs-storage 21m pvc-66967ce3-5adf-46cf-9fa3-8379f499d254 1Mi RWX Delete Bound default/test-claim managed-nfs-storage 32m ``` 查看pvc ```sh $ kubectl get pvc NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE test-claim Bound pvc-66967ce3-5adf-46cf-9fa3-8379f499d254 1Mi RWX managed-nfs-storage 32m www-web-0 Bound pvc-2c23ca4d-7c98-4021-8099-c208b418aa5b 20Mi RWO managed-nfs-storage 22m www-web-1 Bound pvc-4d8da9d3-cb51-49e6-bd0e-c5bad7878551 20Mi RWO managed-nfs-storage 21m ``` 参考:https://www.cnblogs.com/panwenbin-logs/p/12196286.html
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